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Working Group Economic Geography and Global South


Regions are facing several challenges triggered by enforced structural change and increased interdependence of economic processes – as a result of an intensified globalization. As a consequence, there are simultaneous processes of growth, stagnation and decline across the globe. The research focus of our working group are regions at different development levels.




The actor-centered research activities are concentrated in the following fields:

  • Innovation: Technological upgrading along global value chains in varying regional innovation systems from world cities to rural areas.
  • Transformation: Regional effects of transformation processes in those countries which are characterized by both a transition from a planned to a market economy and by drastic institutional changes.
  • Vulnerability: Impacts of natural risks on the relationship between people and their environment in order to get a better understanding of the dynamics of urban poverty as well as to develop sustainable strategies to overcome social and regional disparities.

The regional focus is on Europe, Southeast and East Asia and Africa, with current research projects in Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, China, Brazil, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana and Argentina.


„Development beyond global integration?“ - Dissemination of finding

To finalise the first phase of the SFB "Future Rural Africa", Carolin Hulke together with Javier Revilla Diez presented the results of her PhD thesis in feedback workshops with local stakeholders. In cooperation with the Zambezi Horticulture Association (ZAHOPA), they organized discussions in the rural areas of the Zambezi region, Namibia. These brought together smallholder horticulture farmers with conservancies to discuss the links between conservation and agriculture. The results were shared with relevant stakeholders in Windhoek and the Zambezi region to increase the impact of the research project and contribute to the sustainable design of development pathways. 

On 19 January 2023, Prof. Javier Revilla Diez gave a lecture at the London School of Economics on the development corridors that have been established in Africa over the last decades. This should lead to more knowledge and prosperity, but implementation is not always easy and not everyone benefits from increasing turnovers. Mr. Revilla Diez explains the reasons for the unequal distribution of profits using Namibia's tourism industry as an example. Here, more investment, more national commitment and more leadership at the local level would be needed.


The paper “The impact of commodified non-timber forest products on the livelihoods of San in Northern Namibia” that Fenny Nakanyete co-authored with her PhD advisors, Prof. Revilla and Prof. Matengu, was published in Development of Southern Africa this January. This publication aims to contribute to the scientific and practical discussions on the impacts of NTFPs (non-timber forest products) integrated in regional and global value chains on vulnerable communities that depend on forests, in order to improve their economic development. The paper analysed how the non-timber forest product value chains are integrated into and support the livelihoods of Khwe and !Xun San harvesters of Northern Namibia.Through a mixed-method approach of data collection in Okongo Constituency and Bwabwata National Park, it is shown that although NTFPs contribute to the harvesters’ income generation, the income is insufficient to sustain their livelihoods. Therefore, integrating regional and global value chains does not result in an improved standard of living for these indigenous communities. The open access paper can be found here.


We are happy to welcome Justina Nangolo as a new member of our working group! Justina will start her Ph.D. studies under the direct supervision of Prof Javier Revilla Diez. She is pursuing a degree in Economic Geography with a special focus on the socio-economic (intended and unintended) outcomes of growth corridors in Namibia and Tanzania. Her research interest lies in the integration of Geoscience into the decision-making process for rural development purposes.


Carolin Hulke attended the Regional Studies Association Winter Conference in London in November, where she presented findings from a recent study on the impact of Covid-19 on regional resilience in Namibia („Navigating through the storm: conservancies as local institutions for regional resilience in Zambezi, Namibia“). Using the example of conservancies in the Zambezi region, the study highlights the central role of local institutions in the redistribution of investments for long-term adaptation to crises.


Welcome back! After an intermezzo as scientific coordinator of the Collaborative Research Center "Future Rural Africa", Dr. Linus Kalvelage has returned to the Institute of Geography. As a postdoctoral researcher he will support the research group "Economic Geography and the Global South" in research and teaching. In addition to his previous research focus on nature conservation and tourism in Southern Africa, he will work on green innovations and renewable energies.


We are happy to welcome Ledys Franco at our institute! Ledys Franco is a PhD student in Applied Economics with a Mention in Regional Studies at the Universidad Católica del Norte, visits us from Antofagasta Chile for six months to work closely with Prof. Dr. Revilla Diez, Javier and her advisor Prof. Dr. Miguel Atienza to carry out her doctoral internship entitled “Differences in Trade Corridors Evolution. An approach to experience of African and South American Corridors from the perspective of Governance and Global Value Chains”. 


We are happy to welcome Luong Thi Han as a new member of our working group! Luong Thi Han has started her PhD at the University of Cologne since the summer semester of 2022 and is working under the supervision of  Prof. Dr. Revilla. Her research interest lies in Social entrepreneurship and Social Innovation. At the moment, her academic work focuses on the factors that influence the intention of an individual to create a social enterprise in Vietnam.


Under the leadership of Javier Revilla Diez and Carolin Hulke, 21 Master students were on an excursion to Namibia from 23rd July - 06th August 22; the planning and realisation was supported by Fenny Nakanyete and other colleagues from the University of Namibia. In addition to exploring the landscape and wildlife, there were also intensive insights into Namibia's colonial history, current development strategies, and social and economic challenges. A more detailed insight can be found on the Instagram account of the excursion:

From 7th to 10th of June, the 6th "Global Conference on Economic Geography" took place in Dublin. In different sessions, Javier Revilla Diez and Carolin Hulke presented the results from the project "Future Rural Africa", among others on the role of growth corridors for inclusive regional development and the organization of regional value chains in horticulture in Namibia.


We are happy to welcome Mfundo Mlilo as a new member of our working group! Within the SFB "Future Rural Africa. Future-making and social-ecological transformation" he is doing research on the project "Future in Chains - Socio-Economic Impacts of Growth Corridors". His research focus is Evolutionary Economic Geography with the focus on value chains in tourism as well as cities and socio-spatial justice.


On Wednesday, April 27, 2022 Carolin Hulke successfully defended her PhD thesis "Development beyond global integration: Livelihood strategies, small-scale agriculture, and regional value chains in Namibian conservation areas". Congratulations!


Within the collaborative research center "Future Rural Africa. Future-making and social-ecological transformation" Prof. Revilla Diez is in charge of the project "Future in Chains - Socio-Economic Impacts of Growth Corridors". As part of this project, we are pleased to welcome Jim Kairu from the University of Namibia as a visiting scholar from February to April 2022. The focus of his research is on the contribution of wildlife resource conservation in the ecotourism value chain in Sikunga Copnservancy.

On February 2, 2022, the participants of the field internship "Structural Change in the Rheinische Revier Area" led by Prof. Dr. Revilla Diez and Dr. Moritz Breul presented the results of their study projects to representatives of the Zukunftsagentur Rheinisches Revier. The study projects examined the prerequisites of the Rheinische Revier for the development or expansion of the (1) photovoltaic industry, (2) wind energy industry, (3) hydrogen economy and the (4) fuel cell production.




On November 25th and 26th, 2021, Moritz Breul participated in this year's Industrial Geography Working Group Meeting. Due to the pandemic situation, the event took place online. During the event, the organization of the Working Group Meeting Industrial Geography 2022 was handed over to Javier Revilla Diez and Moritz Breul.


Fenny Nakanyete, who is doing her binational doctorate jointly at the University of Cologne and the University of Namibia, is working since November 2021 here in our working group to conduct part of her data collection and to work closely with Prof. Dr. Revilla Diez. Her PhD research study entitled “Indigenous Knowledge For Sustainable Livelihoods: Exploring Forest Products’ Value Chains for the Khwe and !Xun San in Bwabwata National Park and Okongo Community Forest of Namibia” follows national and international value chains of the indigenous forest products in an attempt to evaluate why indigenous San people are currently not sustainably participating in these value chains.


At the end of the first phase of the Collaborative Research Center 228: "Future Rural Africa", Prof. Javier Revilla Diez and Dr. Linus Kalvelage travelled to the retreat at the Steinfeld Monastery in the Eifel from Nov. 3 - Nov. 5, 2021. Besides the recapitulation of the first phase, the focus was on the strategic planning of the second project phase. In strict compliance with the 2G rule, all project participants were able to meet in person for the first time since the outbreak of the pandemic.


On October 13th and 14th, 2021, the NoRSA-ESPON conference took place. In the session "New path formation and regional restructuring" Moritz Breul presented the article "Path Formation and Reformation: Studying the Variegated Consequences of Path Creation for Regional Development". The articel can be accessed here; a recording of the presentation  here.


Carolin Hulke is spending October and November 2021 as a visiting scholar at the Global Development Institute at the University of Manchester. The research group "global production networks, trade and labor" deals with the organization of global production under the influence of state actors and polycentric trade structures as well as the challenges of sustainable development.



On 19th July 2021, Linus Kalvelage successfully defended his dissertation entitled "Capturing value from wildlife tourism: growth corridors and global production networks". Congratulations!


Policies and research on raising the living standard of rural populations in countries of the Global South have often been centered on agricultural interventions, but they underestimate aspirations as one of the fundamental drivers of behaviour. The European Journal of Development Research Special Issue (Volume 33, issue 4, July 2021), edited by Kai Mausch, Dave Harris and Javier Revilla Diez, now offers new approaches for understanding these aspirations and their implications for development planning. A virtual roundtable discussion on the Issue and its key findings will be hosted by the guest editors and is due to take place on 26th August 2021.


On July 7, 2021, the students of the field trip "Strukturwandel im Rheinischen Revier", led by Prof. Dr. Revilla Diez and Dr. Breul, presented their research results to representatives of the Zukunftsagentur Rheinisches Revier. The topics included (1) the impact of lignite phase-out on municipalities in the Rhenish coalfield, (2) diversification strategies of incumbents in the Rhenish lignitefield and (3) the importance of inter-municipal cooperation in shaping structural change.



In Latin America, too, high hopes are being placed in development corridors. The Bioceanico development corridor connects the four countries Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru. To discuss experiences from around the world, the Institute of Agrarian and Rural Studies (IDEAR) organized a workshop on 21rst June 2020. Prof. Revilla Diez presented results from the SFB TR 228 "Future Rural Africa: Future in chains – socio-economic impacts of growth corridors".


In June 2021, the conference of the Association for African Studies in Germany: "Africa Challenges" took place. Carolin Hulke gave the presentation "Regional value chains & rural development - Interpath relations between the tourism & horticulture sector in rural Namibia" on opportunities and risks of the emerging tourism sector in the Zambezi region. Linus Kalvelage dealt with the integration of wildlife into the value chain of hunting tourism under the title "Resource-making in Zambezi: who benefits from hunting tourism?"


For his project proposal “Setting the course for lignite mining regions in transition – Unpacking the pre-formation phase of path creation” Moritz Breul was awarded the prestigious Regional Studies Association Early Career Grant. The grant will allow Moritz Breul to investigate to what extent the configuration of regional policy-making processes in the Lausitz and Rhineland shape the direction of regional transformation strategies in the two lignite mining regions.   


As part of the event "#Revier2030. Mit Struktur in den Wandel", an event organized by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia which focused on the future of the Rhenish mining region after the end of lignite-fired power generation, Prof. Revilla Diez was part of a panel of experts. In this context, he assessed the potentials and challenges of structural change in the Rhenish mining area from an economic geography perspective.



The April 2021 meeting of the American Association of Geographers was held in the digital space. Carolin Hulke presented parts of her research on agricultural value chains in her presentation "Governing Regional Value Chains - Institutional layering in the horticulture sector in Namibia" and summarized results of her article (under review in Applied Geography): Collective action promotes the integration of smallholder farmers into regional value chains; national agricultural policy needs to take up these structures and support them with an appropriate institutional setting so that the region actually benefits.

"What do decision makers in policy and practice need to know about risk and adaptation futures?” Roxana Leitold is contributing to the 2020 Summer Academy on World Risk and Adaptation Futures: Social Protection and helps to advance the understanding of climate change adaptation and social protection for policy decision making. The Summer Academy is organized by the UNU-EHS and MRF, in collaboration with the UNFCCC.


With a short article on the research in the Zambezi region, Linus Kalvelage and Javier Revilla Diez participated in the launch of the new online publication "Tourism Geographic". The aim of this format is to make scientific articles from the journal "Tourism Geographies" accessible to a wider audience. The article can be read here:


This winter semester 2020/21, master students from the Institute of Geography are investigating the effects of the lignite phase-out in the Rheinische Revier area as part of a field internship led by Moritz Breul and Javier Revilla Diez. On December 11, the students presented their project ideas to the Zukunftsagentur Rheinisches Revier, which accompanies the structural change on site.



Roxana Leitold successfully defended her PhD thesis "Private sector engagement in flood risk reduction and climate change adaptation - Insights from manufacturing firms in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam" on 26th November 2020. Roxana Leitold analyzed the extent to which manufacturing firms are vulnerable to flooding and the factors that influence the flood adaptation strategies of enterprises in Ho Chi Minh City. Well done!



Moritz Breul and Thomas Neise (University of Osnabrück) received this year's Dr. Hohmann Fellowship of the Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Köln. Together they will pursue the project "Effects of Indonesia's capital relocation on entrepreneurial decisions - Emergence of a new growth center in East Kalimantan?" as part of the grant.



In February 2020, Pham T. T. Hoai successfully defended her PhD thesis on the topic of “Current and future household livelihood adaptation to changing social-ecological context - A case study in the rural coastal areas of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta and Red River Delta”. Pham’s PhD research explains the dynamics of livelihood of rural households at the Vietnamese deltas’ coast as their adaptation to the changing social-ecological environment, thus emphasizing how the understanding of livelihood patterns is important to the sustainable development of these regions.


Field trip on structural change in the Rhine district

In cooperation with the city of Kerpen, twenty geography students under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Javier Revilla Diez and Dr. Moritz Breul are investigating in the winter semester 2019/2020 how the city of Kerpen can best meet the challenges of coal withdrawal .


In September 2019, Javier Revilla Diez and Roxana participated in the DECIDER project kick-off workshop and presented their planned research in Ho Chi Minh City. Roxana Leitold then spent three months conducting scenario-based field experiments with local manufacturing companies in close collaboration with the Central Institute of Economic Management (CIEM) and the University of Economics and Law (UEL). The goal of the experiments is to analyze how pronounced the willingness is to participate in community flood protection measures.




Field School, DAAD Network – Potentials, challenges and conflicts of resource use in the Zambezi Region, Namibia

Eight Master students of the Geographical Institute attended a field school in Namibia  in July. Attached to an ongoing research project by Javier Revilla Diez and Carolin Hulke, overall objective of the field school is to identify potentials, challenges and conflicts of communal resource and land use. Here you find more information.


The PhD students of the CRC "Future Rural Africa", Linus Kalvelage and Carolin Hulke, conducted research from May to September 2019 in Namibia and Zambia on rural development paths through tourism and agriculture. Linus Kalvelage dove into the world of trophy hunters who generate most of the turnover in the tourism sector in north-eastern Namibia. Carolin Hulke explored the influence of protectionist market policies in horticulture on small-scale value chain integration. In addition, they conducted a household survey in Zambia with colleagues from the University of Zambia on socio-economic conditions and livelihood strategies in the structurally weak, peripheral Western Province.


In March 2019, Prof. Javier Revilla Diez, Carolin Hulke and Linus Kalvelage travelled through southern Tanzania, the so-called Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor, for two weeks to prepare the research project for the next year. Local cooperation partners are the pillars of successful research, so we are happy to have been able to establish good relationships with local universities: the Geography Institute of the University of Dar-es-Salaam, Mzumbe University in Morogoro and the University of Iringa. Together we will now plan the next field phases within the framework of the CRC 228: Future Rural Africa.


In a talk on „Gateway Cities in globalen Produktionsnetzwerken: Filtereffekte territorialer Intermediäre am Beispiel von Singapur in der Öl- und Gasindustrie“ Moritz Breul presented parts of his dissertation at the meeting of the economic geography working group in Rauischholzhausen on 27th of April 2019.


On March 11, 2019, Javier Revilla Diez and Moritz Breul organized an excursion for master students of the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. The excursion was dedicated to the economic structural transformation of the district Mülheim in Cologne. Besides the former sites of the Deutz AG, which are currently being planned, the excursion group visited the successfully converted commercial campus Carlswerk.



In March 2019, Carolin Hulke presented at the conference "Resources for a social-ecological transformation" at the University of Innsbruck first results of her doctoral thesis. Under the title "Conflicting conservation? Regional agricultural value chains and possibilities of participation in Northern Namibia" she showed land-use conflicts and socio-spatial effects of environmental protection forced by the government, as they contradict the needs of the population in the Zambezi region widely dependent on agriculture. Bottom-up strategies of the local population therefore refer to regional value chains with limited possibilities for participation in commercialized agriculture.



In October and November 2018, Roxana Leitold was on an exploratory trip to Vietnam and prepared her research on the vulnerability and adaptation of firms to flooding in the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area. Contacts were established with potential project partners, authorities and non-governmental organisations. In close cooperation with the University of Economics and Law (UEL), Roxana has also conducted some interviews with flood-prone companies in the metropolitan area of the megacity. Further on-site interviews are planned for February and March 2019.



The working group congratulates Moritz Breul on successfully defending his doctoral thesis entitled "Gateway Cities in Global Production Networks: The role of territorial intermediaries in the oil and gas industry for regional economic development in Southeast Asia". As part of his dissertation, Moritz Breul investigated how certain cities integrate economic activities of neighboring regions into global production networks and what effects this spatial organizational structure has on regional economic development.


Carolin Hulke and Linus Kalvelage have completed the first phase of data collection in the Zambezi region in Namibia. From September to mid-November 2018 they worked in close cooperation with the partners at the Wildlife Management and Ecotourism Department of the University of Namibia (UNAM) campus in Katima Mulilo on their respective research questions. Please find here more information.

Thomas Neise successfully defended his PhD-thesis about „Firms’ adaptation strategies to floods and their potential implication on regional economic development – Insights from Jakarta and Semarang, Indonesia” on the 11th September 2018. In his PhD-thesis, Thomas Neise analyzed which flood adaptation strategies manufacturing firms develop in Jakarta and Semarang. He also investigated whether small and medium-sized firms are willing to cooperate to implement collaborative flood risk reduction measures.

Moritz Breul and Thomas Neise organized the 3rd Workshop of the "Young Economic Geographers Network" (YEGN) in Lindlar from 20th to 22nd July 2018. The aim of the workshop is to network, to exchange ideas and perspectives, to communicate and to build long-lasting relationships - beyond fields and nations. Dissertation projects are presented and discussed in a casual and relaxed atmosphere. Please find here more information.

In May 2018, Carolin Hulke and Linus Kalvelage were on their first exploration phase in Namibia and have prepared the research within the project "Future Rural Africa". Potential project partners in Windhoek, Walvis Bay and the Kavango-Zambezi region were acquired at the University of Namibia as well as in governmental and non-governmental organizations. The team will investigate the linkage of tourism and agricultural value chains along the Trans-Caprivi Highway, which is supposed to function as a growth corridor in the region.

The kick-off symposium on 9th April 2018 marked the official start of the Collaborative Research Center 228: "Future Rural Africa: future-making and social-ecological transformation". This cooperation between the University of Bonn and the University of Cologne was made possible by the funding of the German Research Group (DFG). We are pleased to be able to work with our working group on this forward-looking project within the framework of the subproject C01: Future in Chains and are eagerly awaiting the research results from Namibia and Tanzania.

On 12th of April 2018, Moritz Breul presented a study titled “World Cities as Gateways: Supranational Hubs, National Primary Cities and Specialised Outliers” at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) in New Orleans. It is a comparative study that compares the different roles of Singapore, Cape Town and Buenos Aires in the oil and gas industry.

Die Arbeitsgruppe Wirtschaftsgeographie und Gobaler Süden freut sich, das dritte Treffen des "Young Economic Geographers Network (YEGN)" vom 20. bis 22. Juli 2018 in Lindlar zu organisieren. Das YEGN bietet eine Plattform zum internationalen Austausch von Promovierenden der Wirtschaftsgeographie und verwandter Disziplinen. Mit Bezug zur Global Conference on Economic Geography in Köln befasst sich das YEGN diesmal mit "Unequal Contours of Development in the Global South". Wir freuen uns über Ihre/Deine Abstracts; Einreichungsende ist der 15. März. Weitere Informationen sind hier zu finden.

The working group congratulates Jöran Wrana on completing his dissertation "Multinational Enterprises, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Regional Institutional Change in Vietnam". Jöran Wrana analysed the influence of multinational enterprises on the quality of vocational training in Vietnam. The positive impact this was supposed to have is limited, as the needs and interests of the private domestic companies were not sufficiently taken into account.

Carolin Hulke, our new Ph.D. student, was in the rural areas of Central Vietnam to conduct research for her master thesis. She interviewed 18 smallholders and decision-makers in four villages and combined quantitative analysis of an extensive dataset of three provinces (www. with her own results of qualitative research. The thesis examines the smallholders' joint adaption strategies against external risks and by what factors these are influenced, and if different forms of social capital are a key factor to secure long-term success of these strategies.

Thomas Neise, Jöran Wrana, Moritz Breul and Roxana Leitold were taking part in the German Conference of Geography 2017 in Tübingen in October 2017. Moritz Breul explained in his talk if outlying areas equipped with resources are integrated into global production networks, new agglomeration of industries do develop. Jöran Wrana illustrated that the concept of the global production network can be stronger underlined if it is combined with the concept of proximity. Thomas Neise presented first results of his scenario-based experiments on the willingness of small and medium-sized industrial companies to invest in joint measures of flood protection in Jakarta and Semarang.

Professor Revilla Diez and eight students of the Institute of Geography took a field trip to Argentina from 19th August until 2nd September, 2017. They were supported from colleagues of the Universidad San Martin in Buenos Aires in organising the trip and conducting interviews. The excursion was striving to gain insights into the production of soya beans in Argentina and into the influence that is exerted by stock exchanges for food, international capital markets and financial instruments.

The working group congratulates Thu Nguyen Xuan and Franziska Sohns on completing their dissertations. Thu Nguyen Xuan did her PhD on industrial change in Vietnam following the Doi Moi reforms; Franziska Sohns did her dissertation on micro-entrepreneurship in rural Vietnam. We wish them all the best for the future!

From 20th to 23rd August 2017, Thomas Neise took part in the conference "Resilience 2017 - Resilience Frontiers for Global Sustainability" in Stockholm. He presented his first results of the scenario-based experiments about the engagement of small and medium-sized firms in collective flood risk reduction measures. This investigation is part of our research project: "Natural hazards and firms' decision-making under risk between individual and regional adaptation strategies in Indonesia."

Moritz Breul spent three months in Indonesia and Vietnam, from March until June 2017, within the context of the research project ""Gateway Cities and their Hinterland: Global Cities from the Global South as Nodes in Global Commodity Chains", funded by the DfG (German Research Foundation). He interviewed various managers of the oil and gas industry in these two countries. This project aims to broaden the understanding about the spatial hinge function of certain cities. In those so-called "Gateway Cities" there are economic activities located that integrate their region into global commodity chain. Please find here more information.

At 10th of April 2017, Thomas Neise and Moritz Breul presented preliminary research results from their respective research projects in Indonesia at the Economic Research Center of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI). In his presentation "'Beyond '"rope, dope and soap"'? An assessment of domestic capabilities in the Indonesian oil and gas industry'" Moritz Breul outlined the features of Indonesia's integration in the global oil & gas value chain. In his presentation he identifies mechanism that have led to an enhancement of local capacities as well as factors that inhibit an upgrading. Thomas Neise shows in his presentation "Firms' contribution to flood risk reduction - scenario-based experiments from Jakarta and Semarang, Indonesia" under which conditions small and medium-sized firms are willing to contribute to flood risk measures.

Prof. Dr. Javier Revilla Diez and Franziska Sohns attended the "AAG Annual Meeting 2017" in Boston from 4th to 9th of April 2017. They presented current research results from their working paper "Who survives over time?" - a multi-level survival Analysis of microenterprises in rural Vietnam." By using multilevel analyses, the working paper shows that access to credit institutions, local market potentials and access to interregional markets have a positive impact on the survival probability of micro-enterprises in rural Vietnam.

In April 2017, Thomas Neise and Fabio Pruß participated in the 4th TWIN-SEA Workshop in Bali, Indonesia. Thomas Neise presented results of his research "Firms' contribution to Flood Risk Reduction: Scenario-based Experiments from Jakarta and Semarang". He analyzed whether small- and medium-sized firms are willing to contribute to collective flood risk reduction measures. Fabio Pruß presented the results of his bachelor thesis: "Impact of Natural Hazards and Climate Change in Semarang, Indonesia - an Economic Damage Model". He estimated the (direct) economic damage caused by land subsidence and rising sea levels for the years 2030 and 2050 in the Indonesian city of Semarang. Here you will find more information.

From 6th to 8th of April 2017, Jöran Wrana has attended the 44th AIB (UK&I) & 6th Reading IB Conference. He presented current results based on his working paper 'How do firm characteristics, FDI and regional institutions influence the implementation of global CSR standards among private Vietnamese firms?'. Jöran Wrana revealed through a multilevel analysis that regional institutions positively influence the adoption of such standards, whereas the spatial proximity to MNEs has a negative impact.

Jöran Wrana has participated at the '19th university days of vocational education' at the University of Cologne, Germany. In his presentation 'Who benefits from pilot projects based on foreign skill formation systems in Vietnam?', Jöran Wrana has pointed out why local manufacturing enterprises neither join nor adopt novel cooperative training approaches with local universities or vocational colleges, recently set up by MNEs in Vietnam's Red River Delta.